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Passage OneOne of the strongest reasons for the raising of the school leaving age has been that it will bring us nearer to the ideal of “equal opportunity”.Many people like to think of our present system of schooling as providing plenty of steps up the ladder of success for clever children. It would be good to think that no one who is really bright can fail to become successful when the state system is apparently so thorough. It is obvious, for instance, that many children from less rich homes reach university or do well in other ways. Unfortunately, we now have plenty of evidence that many children of every level of ability do much less well than they could. For instance, during the years of national military service it was possible to test the intelligence of all males aged between 18 and 20. Half of those soldiers who were placed in the two highest ability groups had left schools at 15. It has also been shown that percentage of working class children going to university is almost the same now as it was in 1939. One study of 5,000 children from birth to 21 years old indicated that up to half the bright pupils from working class homes left school when they reached 16 years old. Moreover, there is no difference in intelligence between the sexed, but far more boys than girls stay in education after 16. It is clear form this and much other evidence that many children are still leaving school too early to benefit form the prizes----money, social respectability, and interesting jobs, which higher education gives. It is clear too that the reasons why such children leave have much to do with their social circumstances. Their parents often need the extra money another wage-earner can bring in; they do not value education for itself because their own was probably dull and unhappy. It is not so much that they force their sons and daughters to leave school, rather that they tend to say, “it’s up to you.”The author’s attitude toward the communications revolution is ________.A) positiveB) criticalC) indifferentD) tolerant
2020-11-19
Passage OneOne of the strongest reasons for the raising of the school leaving age has been that it will bring us nearer to the ideal of “equal opportunity”.Many people like to think of our present system of schooling as providing plenty of steps up the ladder of success for clever children. It would be good to think that no one who is really bright can fail to become successful when the state system is apparently so thorough. It is obvious, for instance, that many children from less rich homes reach university or do well in other ways. Unfortunately, we now have plenty of evidence that many children of every level of ability do much less well than they could. For instance, during the years of national military service it was possible to test the intelligence of all males aged between 18 and 20. Half of those soldiers who were placed in the two highest ability groups had left schools at 15. It has also been shown that percentage of working class children going to university is almost the same now as it was in 1939. One study of 5,000 children from birth to 21 years old indicated that up to half the bright pupils from working class homes left school when they reached 16 years old. Moreover, there is no difference in intelligence between the sexed, but far more boys than girls stay in education after 16. It is clear form this and much other evidence that many children are still leaving school too early to benefit form the prizes----money, social respectability, and interesting jobs, which higher education gives. It is clear too that the reasons why such children leave have much to do with their social circumstances. Their parents often need the extra money another wage-earner can bring in; they do not value education for itself because their own was probably dull and unhappy. It is not so much that they force their sons and daughters to leave school, rather that they tend to say, “it’s up to you.”The development of modern communications technology in developing countries may ________.A) hinder their industrial productionB) cause them to lose control of their tradeC) force them to reduce their share of exportsD) cost them their economic independence
2020-12-22
Passage OneOne of the strongest reasons for the raising of the school leaving age has been that it will bring us nearer to the ideal of “equal opportunity”.Many people like to think of our present system of schooling as providing plenty of steps up the ladder of success for clever children. It would be good to think that no one who is really bright can fail to become successful when the state system is apparently so thorough. It is obvious, for instance, that many children from less rich homes reach university or do well in other ways. Unfortunately, we now have plenty of evidence that many children of every level of ability do much less well than they could. For instance, during the years of national military service it was possible to test the intelligence of all males aged between 18 and 20. Half of those soldiers who were placed in the two highest ability groups had left schools at 15. It has also been shown that percentage of working class children going to university is almost the same now as it was in 1939. One study of 5,000 children from birth to 21 years old indicated that up to half the bright pupils from working class homes left school when they reached 16 years old. Moreover, there is no difference in intelligence between the sexed, but far more boys than girls stay in education after 16. It is clear form this and much other evidence that many children are still leaving school too early to benefit form the prizes----money, social respectability, and interesting jobs, which higher education gives. It is clear too that the reasons why such children leave have much to do with their social circumstances. Their parents often need the extra money another wage-earner can bring in; they do not value education for itself because their own was probably dull and unhappy. It is not so much that they force their sons and daughters to leave school, rather that they tend to say, “it’s up to you.”It can be inferred from the passage that ________.A) international trade should be expandedB) the interests of the poor countries have not been given enough considerationC) the exports of the poor countries should be increasedD) communications technology in the developing countries should be modernized
2020-10-23
Passage OneOne of the strongest reasons for the raising of the school leaving age has been that it will bring us nearer to the ideal of “equal opportunity”.Many people like to think of our present system of schooling as providing plenty of steps up the ladder of success for clever children. It would be good to think that no one who is really bright can fail to become successful when the state system is apparently so thorough. It is obvious, for instance, that many children from less rich homes reach university or do well in other ways. Unfortunately, we now have plenty of evidence that many children of every level of ability do much less well than they could. For instance, during the years of national military service it was possible to test the intelligence of all males aged between 18 and 20. Half of those soldiers who were placed in the two highest ability groups had left schools at 15. It has also been shown that percentage of working class children going to university is almost the same now as it was in 1939. One study of 5,000 children from birth to 21 years old indicated that up to half the bright pupils from working class homes left school when they reached 16 years old. Moreover, there is no difference in intelligence between the sexed, but far more boys than girls stay in education after 16. It is clear form this and much other evidence that many children are still leaving school too early to benefit form the prizes----money, social respectability, and interesting jobs, which higher education gives. It is clear too that the reasons why such children leave have much to do with their social circumstances. Their parents often need the extra money another wage-earner can bring in; they do not value education for itself because their own was probably dull and unhappy. It is not so much that they force their sons and daughters to leave school, rather that they tend to say, “it’s up to you.”Why does the author say that the electronic economy may have a destructive impact on developing countries?A) Because it enables the developed countries to control the international market.B) Because it destroys the economic balance of the poor countries.C) Because it violates the national boundaries of the poor countries.D) Because it inhibits the industrial growth of developing countries.
2021-01-03

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